martes, 2 de octubre de 2012

Como hacer una oración en presente simple


How do we make the Past Simple Tense?

To make the past simple tense, we use:
  • past form only
    or
  • auxiliary did + base form
Here you can see examples of the past form and base form for irregular verbs and regular verbs:
V1
base
V2
past
V3
past participle
regular verbwork
explode
like
worked
exploded
liked
worked
exploded
liked
The past form for all regular verbs ends in -ed.
irregular verbgo
see
sing
went
saw
sang
gone
seen
sung
The past form for irregular verbs is variable. You need to learn it by heart.
You do not need the past participle form to make the past simple tense. It is shown here for completeness only.
The structure for positive sentences in the past simple tense is:
subject+main verb
past
The structure for negative sentences in the past simple tense is:
subject+auxiliary verb+not+main verb
didbase
The structure for question sentences in the past simple tense is:
auxiliary verb+subject+main verb
didbase
The auxiliary verb did is not conjugated. It is the same for all persons (I did, you did, he did etc). And the base form and past form do not change. Look at these examples with the main verbs go andwork:
subjectauxiliary verbmain verb
+Iwentto school.
Youworkedvery hard.
-Shedidnotgowith me.
Wedidnotworkyesterday.
?Didyougoto London?
Didtheyworkat home?
Exception! The verb to be is different. We conjugate the verb to be (I was, you were, he/she/it was, we were, they were); and we do not use an auxiliary for negative and question sentences. To make a question, we exchange the subject and verb. Look at these examples:
subjectmain verb
+I, he/she/itwashere.
You, we, theywerein London.
-I, he/she/itwasnotthere.
You, we, theywerenothappy.
?WasI, he/she/itright?
Wereyou, we, theylate?


  1. She (travel) travelled by train to London.

  2. She (cut) cut the lettuce with a knife.

  3. The film (be) was boring.

  4. The president (speak) spoke very slow during the conference.

  5. Sarah (sing) sang perfectly in the concert.

  6. Peter (decide) decided to paint the house blue.

  7. My mother (have) had her birthday party last night.

  8. The lawyer (try) tried to convince the jury.

  9. My dog (bite) bit Ann in her leg.

  10. I (meet) met John at the old restaurant last week.


Pasado Del Verbo To Be
El presente simple hace referencia al verbo to be en pasado, por lo que todas las acciones que se presenten están en ese tiempo.
Sujeto
Verbo
objeto / complemento
 Español
I
was
a student.
Era alumno.
You
were
happy.
Eras feliz.
He
was
a musician.
Fue músico.
She
was
in the car.
Estaba en el coche.
It
was
a hot day.
Era un día caluroso.
We
were
lucky.
Tuvimos suerte
You
were
from Madrid.
Eran (ustedes) de Madrid.
They
were
ours.
Eran nuestros.
La estructura básica del negativo del verbo "to be" en pasado

Sujeto
Verbo
objeto / complemento
 Español

I
was not
a student.
No era alumno.

You
were not
happy.
No eras feliz.

He
was not
a musician.
No era músico.

She
was not
in the car.
No estaba en el coche.

It
was not
a hot day.
No era un día caluroso.

We
were not
lucky.
No tuvimos suerte.

You
were not
from Madrid.
No (eran) de Madrid.

They
were not
ours.
No eran nuestros.
Nota: Forma contraida: "was not" = "wasn't", "were not" = "weren't".
La estructura básica del interrogativo del verbo "to be" en pasado

Verbo
Sujeto
objeto / complemento
 Español

Was
I
a student?
¿Era alumno?

Were
you
happy?
¿Eras feliz?

Was
he
a musician?
¿Era músico?

Was
she
in the car?
¿Estaba en el coche?

Was
it
a hot day?
¿Era un día caluroso?

Were
we
lucky?
¿Tuvimos suerte?

Were
you
from Madrid?
¿Eran (ustedes) de Madrid?
 
Were
they
ours?
¿Eran nuestros?
Nota: Para hacer una oración interrogativa con el verbo "to be" en pasado simplemente se intercambia el verbo "to be" con el sujeto.
La estructura básica de las respuestas cortas del verbo "to be" en pasado

Af.

Neg.


Yes,
I was.
No,
I was not. (wasn't)

Yes,
you were.
No,
you were not. (weren't)

Yes,
he was.
No,
he was not. (wasn't)

Yes,
she was.
No,
she was not. (wasn't)

Yes,
it was.
No,
it was not. (wasn't)

Yes,
we were.
No,
we were not. (weren't)

Yes,
you were.
No,
you were not. (weren't)

Yes,
they were.
No,
they were not. (weren't)
Nota: No se contrae la forma afirmativa de las respuestas cortas.

EJERCICIOS PASADO SIMPLE VERBO TO BE

Rellena los huecos con were/was-wasn't/weren't :
1- WAS she in the kitchen?

2-No,she wasn’t
_
3- were they in the sitting room?

4-No,they weren’t
5was Tom in the toilet?

6-Yes, he was

7-were you in the kitchen

8-Mary was eating in the kitchen

9-The children were cleaning the mirror

10-The women were painting


Traduce las siguientes frases:Vocabulario de los adjetivos
1-¿Era pequeña?
Was it small?
________________________________
2- Era joven
___was she young?________________
3- Éramos felices
___we were happy?________________
4- Era viejo
__he was old?____________________
5- ¿Ella era alta?
__was she tall?____________________
6- Eras fuerte
__you were strong?_______________
7-Eran bajos
__were  they short_______________
8-Éramos guapos
__we were hot___________________
9-Estábamos en Sevilla
__we were in Sevilla_____________
10-Estaban en Burgos
__they were in Burgos______________

No hay comentarios:

Publicar un comentario en la entrada